An ancient mound in Huaca Prieta, Peru which is home to one of the earliest and largest pyramids in South America, led to the discovery of hundreds of thousands of artifacts dating back as early as 15,000 years ago.
Through state-of-the-art archaeological technology such as the radiocarbon method. The excavation took 6 years to complete between the Huaca Prieta and Paredones mounds along with other sites.
The artifacts that were discovered are now housed in a museum in Lima, Peru. The relics were buried underneath 30 meters of human-made mound deposits include elaborate hand-woven baskets. Some of the baskets rank among the oldest known in the Americas. Other discoveries included tools for deep-sea fishing, which would have required the use of boats that could withstand rough waters. Evidence of large-scale agricultural production and trade were amongst the relics. The findings reveal that early humans in that area were a lot more advanced than previously believed. In fact, they had very complex social networks.
The artifacts retrieved from the site include stone tools, food remains, and other cultural features such as ornate baskets and textiles, showing the pace of the development of early humans in that region and their level of expertise. Remarkably, these people had the advanced capacity to use different types of food resources to ultimately result in a bigger society size. The emergence of government and technology required to utilize the land and the sea were also evident.
Indigo dyed cotton fabric was also discovered at the site of Huaca Prieta. And an analysis of the pigment was identified as indigotin, an indigoid dye, marking the earliest recorded use of indigo dye.
Evidence from the site also indicates a more rapid development of cultural complexity along the Pacific coast. Because of their dependence on marine foods such as fish, sea urchins, and mollusks, and crops like chili pepper, avocado, and squash, their economy enjoyed a large surplus.
It was reported that corn cobs were found as well, suggesting that people who lived along the coast of Northern Peru were already eating corn by that time. This is the earliest corn discovery to date in South America.
It was further discovered that the site was occupied intermittently between 15,000 and 10,000 years ago. Some of the mounds do not show evidence of human culture in them for hundreds of years at a time, suggesting that the people who lived there may have traveled back and forth in both directions in order to hunt and gather. They would return at a much later time with food to eat.
At some stage , some of the remains were considered to have Chavin Culture influence,
How to Get There
The site location of the ancient mound in Huaca Prieta is approximately 600 kilometers north of Lima and looms over the sea. It lies beside the Pacific Ocean in the Chicama Valley, just north of Trujillo, La Libertad Province, Peru. Due to the discovery, it makes Huaca Prieta one of the oldest archaeological sites in the Americas.
When you travel by road from Lima to Northern Peru like you do when you are part of the Lost Cities of Northern Peru in 6d/5n, or Immerse in Northern Peru Cultures in 7d/6n or go on a short Northern Peru program that crosses from Chiclayo to Trujillo such as the Moche Route in 3d/2n.
You can request to add a short visit to Huaca Prieta or you can request a tailor made program.