Earth Day celebrates every April 22nd with the purpose of increasing public awareness of the growing environmental problems. Back in 1969, there was an oil catastrophe when an oil well blew out off the coast of Santa Barbara, and more than 3 million gallons of oil spewed. Thousands of sea lions, seals, dolphins, and seabirds died. After witnessing the ravages of the oil spill and inspired by the student anti-war movement, Gaylord Nelson (the US Senator from Wisconsin) was inspired to force environmental protection onto the US national political agenda. They chose April 22nd for the date as it falls between spring break and final exams.
Earth Day is a global event now celebrated in more than 190 countries, coordinated by the Earth Day Network.
Earth Day 2019: Protect Our Species
The theme for 2019 Earth Day is Protect Our Species – the millions of species of animals and plants are nature’s wonders. Many of them we know, while many more discoveries remain. However, humans are irrevocable upsetting the balance of life with their actions, which resulted in the highest rate of extinction so far. Pollution, deforestation, poaching and trafficking, habitat loss, and climate change are all caused by human activity.
Environmental Issues in Peru
In recent years, the Peruvian regulator agencies have begun to crack down on the environmental issues in Peru. For long have industries ignored the fact that natural resources that attract people to visit Peru are declining. The oil and gas exploration has led to water and soil pollution, deforestation, and displacement of local indigenous people in the Amazon. Mining of gold, silver, zinc, mercury, and copper has polluted the waters in the Cordillera Huayhuash and central Peru. Poor sewage treatment in the poor areas of Peru has led to pollution of waterways and coastal regions, making certain beaches in Lima unsuitable for swimming.
Peru is one of the most evocative and rich South America countries. Its climatic and geographical variety is far ranging – from diverse rainforests to beautiful coastal regions to tropical deserts. Their ecology is equally diverse, but the damage in search for natural treasures has led many species to the verge of extinction, such as:
- Giant otter
- Marine otter
- Andean cat
- White-belled spider monkey
- Yellow-tailed woolly monkey
- Bald uakari
- Mountain Tapir
- Titicaca water frog
- Peruvian plantcutter
- Marvelous spatuletail
There is a total of 389 endangered species, including 32 reptiles, 92 mammals, 23 invertebrates, 122 birds, and 120 amphibians.
We Can Take Action Now
Every year in Peru, as well as in many other parts of the world, institutions, municipal authorities, environmental activists, parents, and students all attend activities organized with the purpose of educating and raising awareness of the importance of saving the home of all living beings. In 2019, the Earth Day Network is asking people around the globe to join their Protect Our Species campaign. Their goals are to:
- Help bring the policies that protect specific species.
- Start a global movement that embraces nature.
- Raise awareness and educate about the accelerating extinction of millions of species as well as the consequences of that extinction.
If you want to visit Peru, learn more about its wildlife and natural beauties, as well as sustainability and conservation efforts, there are many routes you can take. The Cusco Organic Route is for those who want to understand the synergy and respect the Andean people had on Mother Earth, which was at the center for their civilization development many centuries ago.