Lima is the capital and largest city in Peru, as well as the capital of Lima Province. It is the cultural, industrial, financial, and transport hub of the country. The city is located in an area encompassing the valleys of the Chillon, Rimac and Lurin rivers. It lies on a desertic coast adjacent to the bay in the Pacific Ocean where its port was built and named Callao.
Founded by Spanish conquistador Francisco Pizarro, Lima is also known as the City of Kings. For more than three centuries, Lima was the most important city and the greatest metropolis in South America. More than four centuries have passed since its founding as a Spanish city, and Lima has become an expression of Peru's heritage, with nearly one-third of the nation's population living in its metropolitan area.
The three main areas of interest in Lima are Lima Downtown (Centro of Lima), Miraflores and Barranco.
Lima Downtown is where the Main Square is located. This is the historical cornerstone of Lima’s foundation, from here avenues fanned out as the city grew. The Historic centre of Lima, located in downtown Lima and the Rimac District was declared a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1988 due to the large number of historical buildings dating from the Spanish colonial era, a small number of which have now been restored. In particular, the monumental Plaza Mayor, with the 16th century Cathedral and the Presidential Palace, and the catacombs of the Convento de San Francisco are popular with visitors.
The suburbs of Miraflores and Barranco are the focus of city’s action, night life and fine shopping.
Lima is also known for exceptional restaurants and its has been considered a gastronomy destination. It is well know that Peru has been considered by The World Travel Awards as the Best Culinary Destination for the pasts years Also you can find several museums dedicated to archaeology, history and also dedicated to the Chocolate.