This special day is close to the heart of Peruvians because of the wealth inside of the fresh and saltwater seas that line the shore of Peru’s 2,414km coast. Perhaps you have heard about Peru’s ecological diversity and culinary artistry; this has everything to do with Peru’s complex and rich geography which differ from the coast, Sierra mountains, to tropical jungle regions. Peru is home to 90 distinct microclimates, containing 30 of the existing 32 world climates; this is entirely unheard of in other countries. Aside from that, Peru has a fantastic story to tell because of the history of it’s Inca Empire dating back to A.D. 1100. The Spanish reign and finally, the liberation of the then, enslaved Peruvian people mix to form what is now known as a Criolle mixture of cultures that intertwine people and customs from more than one nationality.
1. Humbolt Current
You may have had experience of fishing in the past, but never quite like this. Something unique about Peru’s oceans is the various water temperatures, which bring through its diversity of animal life. Such is the case with the Humbolt current, named after the Prussian naturalist Alexander von Humboldt. It extends from southern Chile to northern Peru carrying within it squid, sardines, tuna, swordfish, anchovies and Jack Mackerel. It is a few of the limitless possibilities of what you may find in Peru’s waters. Upwelling provides nutrients for Phytoplankton, which is produced in high concentrations due in part to the varying water temperatures; as low as 16 degrees Celsius, which is uncharacteristic of tropical waters that are usually in the 25-degree Celsius range.
Hake and Jurel, a straddling species, have been overfished in the past and are recovering from the impact it has had on the ecosystem. There are, however, many safe ways to enjoy fishing in Peru without damaging the beautiful balance of its rich biodiversity.
If you find yourself on the shores of Lima, walking barefoot along the stones of surfers’ favorite beaches, such as Punta Rocas, Caballeros or Señoritas, you will see people standing on the pier, fishing. They are not there for fish precisely, but for Muy Muy, Sea Urchin, scallops, and crabs. It is not uncommon to find jellyfish and man-o-wars in the more Southern beaches of Lima, so be advised.
3. Qoricocha, Cusco
This lagoon is where you can try sugar-cane fishing. The depth of Qoricocha is 26 meters deep and is located 4,020 meters above sea-level. It is home to wild ducks, geese, and pejerrey. The reflection of its waters is superb because of its black floor.
Huanchaco, Iquitos, Cabo Blanco and many other destinations all across Peru are highlighted by their waters’ richness and the unique culture of each region’s people. Because each región varies so much in climate and geography, the food, customs, and culture are different and specific to each place you are visiting.
If you are ready to experience the fantastic fishing destinations that South America has to offer,