An archeologist recently discovered a 3,800-year-old relief wall in the ancient fishing city of Vichama, associated with the Caral Civilization. It has once again put the eyes of historians and archaeologist back on what is known as the “First Andean Civilization.” Vichama, (an agricultural fishing city of the Caral Civilization) located in the Huara province, also known as Norte Chico, at only 110 kilometers north of Lima, the capital of Perù.
This surprising discovery in the Caral citadel in Vichama puts this civilization’s origin to 5,000 B.C. The Vichma site is one of the excavation points of the recently discovered Caral civilization and has been studied by archaeologists since its discovery in 2007.
For the second consecutive year, the Special Archeological Project CARAL-SUPE (PEACS) researched in Vichma. Led by Ruth Shady Solis, to promote the archeological heritage of the region, including LAS CORNISAS, (The Hummingbirds) is an amazing architectural monument. Circular or square facades with niches and cornices are also a part of the Vichma site.
Vichama is thought to be, one of the Caral people's cities. Caral excavation site has unearthed the ruins of twenty-two buildings in an area covering 25 hectares, dating back between 3,000 and 1,800 B.C. The Huara province houses the archaeological site of Vichma. Its discovery in 2007 endeavors to meet the particularities of this citadel.
The Caral civilization is the oldest civilization in America and flourished at the same time as the thriving Mesopotamian, Egyptian and Chinese cultures. The Caral people lived in the Supe Valley along the northern central coast of Perù.
It is a Pre-Incan Culture, which is providing vital information about the existence of civilizations in other parts of the world in such eras and in locations that are very far apart. The similarity of their architectural constructions, the use of pyramids and monuments, is intriguing to scientists, historians, and archaeologists around the world.
A total of 136 hectares compromise the complex of pyramid structures and monuments, belonging to the old Archaic Period. The material used in these structures is called Adobe, which is a mix of clay, hatch, stone, and vegetable fiber networks which were the bases for construction. Also, the waste of mollusks and residues of other field activities were used to create blends, and serve as construction materials to support their buildings.
Facts about Vichama
The sun, wind, and fire were their primary sources of energy, while the products of the land and marine-derived protein represented their main food pyramid.
The carvings shown on the wall in this late discovery is thought to symbolize a period of drought and famine brought on by climate change. The Wall belongs to the era of the oldest Civilization in the Americas.
On June 28 of 2009, UNESCO declared the SACRED CITY of CARAL-SUPE as Patrimony of Humanity.
If you want to learn more, guided tours are available for tourist and people interested in experiencing the town of Vichama firsthand.