People don’t realize that while they may not live in a tropical forest, they still benefit from them. In fact, the whole world benefits from the existence of tropical forests.
For this reason, the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP), WWF (the global conservation organization) and the UNESCO (United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization) established the International Day for the Conservation of Tropical Forests in 1999. And every year since the International Day for the Conservation of Tropical Forests is celebrated each year on June 26th.
The Importance of Tropical Forests
Did you know that nearly half of earth’s wildlife and plants live in tropical forests? It means that the rainforests of the world are responsible for absorbing much of the carbon dioxide produced, ultimately protecting the planet and all who live in it. In fact, tropical forests are often referred to as “the biggest global pharmacy” and “the lungs of the world.”
As a global pharmacy, the tropical forests are believed to be home to many natural medicines thanks to the abundance of precious vitamins and minerals in the plant. As the lungs of the world, tropical forests purify the contaminated air by sucking out carbon dioxide and other pollutants, and in turn, releasing fresh air back into the world and its inhabitants. It is believed that tropical rainforests produce more than 20% of the world’s oxygen.
And as home to hundreds of different species, conserving rainforests are vital for the survival of the earth’s wildlife. Biodiversity is crucial for a thriving and functional ecosystem. Disrupting the precious balance of the ecosystem can be devastating for all who live in it, including humans.
Only a percentage of tropical forests are rainforests. Forested areas must lie between the Tropic of Cancer and Tropic of Capricorn to be a tropical rainforest. The Tropic of Cancer is the circle marking the latitude 23.5 degrees north, where the sun is directly overhead at noon on June 21 while the Tropic of Capricorn is the circle marking the latitude 23.5 degrees south where the sun is directly overhead at noon on December 21. These lines were named 2000 years ago. Therefore, tropical rainforests are in South America, Southern India, Southeast Asia, West Africa, and Australia.
Tropical rainforests are warm and moist. They are home to hundreds of tree species with broad leaves. The trees in rainforests live 50-100 years. Tropical rainforests serve as the earth’s most productive biomes with the most biodiversity of plant and animal species.
Pampas de Heath Platform
Tambopata - Madidi area
Tropical Rainforests in Peru
Jungle and rainforests cover more than half of Peru. In fact, the most famous rainforest in the world is in Peru – the Amazon Rainforest. The Amazon is home to 262 species of amphibians, 806 species of birds, 293 species of mammals, 180 species of reptiles, and 697 species of fish. The Amazon also boasts 7,372 species of flowering plants, 700 species of ferns.
The Amazon Rainforest defines three regions: the jungle, the high forest, and low jungle. The Peruvian forest consists of five main departments:
- Loreto, the capital: Iquitos
- San Martin: Moyobamba
- Madre de Dios: Puerto Maldonado
- Amazonas: Chachapoyas
- Ucayali: Pucallpa
Tourists in Kuelap, Chachapoyas area
Because Peru's rainforests contain thousands of indigenous plants and animals, Peru is very protective of their tropical forests and natural resources. The International Day for the Conservation of Tropical Forests is for the hope that more awareness spreads on the damage caused to rainforests by deforestation and pollution.
For further information on the tours to the Amazon feel free to