The International Day of Action for Rivers was adopted by the participants of the International Meeting of People Affected by Dams (in Curitiba, Brazil, March 1997.) It is celebrated on March 14th each year, and it’s a time for civil society, community members, and organizations to spread awareness and educate about the conservation of our rivers as well as to celebrate their immense value.
In Peru, most of the rivers connect with neighboring countries, and they originate from the Andes, draining into three basins – the Pacific Ocean, the Amazon river, and Lake Titicaca. The rivers that pour into the Amazon river are longer, fuller, and less steep than those draining into the Pacific (steep, short, and flow intermittently.)
The Rimac River has a length of 160 km and part of the Pacific watershed located in western Peru. Rimac is a vital source of drinkable water for the Lima area. The river springs in the Lima Region (the highlands of the Huarochiri Province), while its mouth locates near the Jorge Chávez International Airport in Callao. The Rimac forms the central valley of Lima, the Peruvian capital, by joining the Santa Eulalia River. Its flow reduces to a trickle during the dry months (June-October).
Peruvian Amazon Fauna
The second longest river on the planet (after the Nile), the Amazon river is 6,575 km long. It springs in Iquitos (the largest city in the Peruvian Amazon) and flows through Peru, Ecuador, Brazil, Bolivia, Colombia, Guyana, and Suriname. The Amazon is responsible for one-fifth of all freshwater that flows into the world’s oceans, carrying more water than any other river. As for the Peruvian Amazon rainforest, it covers about 60 percent of all Peruvian land, representing one of the most diverse ecosystems on the planet. There are hundreds of species of plants, reptiles, mammals, birds, and amphibians. The biggest threats to the river are illegal oil extraction, pollution, and illegal gold mining on the river and its basins.
The Urubamba River is 862 km and the most famous for running through the Sacred Valley of the Incas (or the Urubamba Valley.) The river flows north, passing to the east of Cusco, running by Pisac, and then through the Urubamba Valley. Before reaching the town of Urubamba, it’s known as Rio Vilcanota (which means House of the Sun in the native Aymara language). Later on, the river runs around the Historic Sanctuary of Machu Picchu. Urubamba then cuts north through a whitewater canyon and joins the Rio Tambo to converge into the Rio Ucayali.
Sunset in Manu River
One of the most regarded destinations in the Amazon Rainforest, the rainforest of the Manu River is home to many animals and plants. The river runs down the Andes to join with the Madre de Dios River near the Manu National Park. The Madre de Dios runs past Puerto Maldonado, merging with other waterways (like the Heath River, Tambopata River, and the Madre de Dios.) It further runs through Bolivia, joining the Amazon River east of Manaus in Brazil. The Manu National Park is the protected area surrounding the Manu River. The largest Peruvian national park covers 1.5 million hectares of lowland Amazon Rainforest and Andean forest. The Amarakaeri Communal Reserve is another reserve around the Madre de Dios River.
The pollution problem in Peruvian waterways needs to be defeated, and experts strive to raise awareness among Peruvian citizens.
The waterways of Peru and the ecosystems around them offer beautiful sights worth seeing.and the best part is that travelling with us allows Peru Verde perform the conservation projects they run in Peruvian Amazon.