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October 31 in Peru…… Halloween or Peruvian Day  Song  ???

Posted by Carmen Maria Guevara Protzel on Oct 18, 2017 12:56:29 PM

When I was young my parents used to dress me up for Halloween for school party last Friday of October.

As time went by and became a teenager I began to ask myself why we celebrated Halloween if for Peruvian it is “Dia de la Cancion Criolla” (Day of Local Song) in  this case Peruvian Song.

Unfortunately, government (like National Institute of Culture) did not have the power to make schools teach about this important day as it was considered futile or not important for a student to learn.



Some time ago, Peruvian pop artist Gianmarco Zignago gave a new view to our music with minimum changes or created new music with influence on our origins of music and people. Especially teenagers began to listen to it.

When I began to work, over 30 years ago, I began to think on the reasons we did not take advantage of this great product and make a complete product Peruvian food & Peruvian Music.

I guess that business owners do not consider tourist will not enjoy the product and I think that if I go to Argentina I will love to see a Tango show; in Spain Zarzuela or Jota; in Mexico the Mariachis….. then why not in  #Peru “Musica Criolla”

In #Lima we have "Brisas Del Titicaca" and the one I prefer "Dama Juana"





As far as I know the  Halloween, or Hallowe'en traditions originated in Britain and Ireland from Celtic harvest festivals which may have pagan roots, particularly the Gaelic festival Samhain, and that this festival was Christianized as Halloween. Some academics, however, support the view that Halloween began independently as a solely Christian holiday.

Halloween activities include trick-or-treating (or the related guising), attending Halloween costume parties, decorating, carving pumpkins into jack-o'-lanterns, lighting bonfires, apple bobbing and divination games, playing pranks, visiting haunted attractions, telling scary stories and watching horror films. Some Christians historically abstained from meat on All Hallows' Eve, a tradition reflected in the eating of certain foods on this vigil day, including apples, potato pancakes and soul cakes.



Dia de la Cancion Criolla      

It is important to understand what Criollo means. At the begining it refers to native, and Limeño Criollo and was a term to identify descendants of the African slaves born in the Americas, mainly children of European with their slaves. Later on XIX Century it was used to identify any children born outside Europe or European crop and animals that grew in  #Peru.

Manuel Carlos Prado y Ugarteche (April 21, 1889 – August 15, 1967) was a Peruvian banker and political figure. Son of former president, Mariano Ignacio Prado, he was born in Lima and served as the President of  #Peru twice, from 1939 until 1945 and again between 1956 and 1962. His brother, Leoncio Prado Gutiérrez, was a military hero who died in 1883, six years before Manuel Prado was born.

As a young army officer, Prado was a key player in the coup that overthrew Peruvian President Guillermo Billinghurst in 1914. He became President of the Central Reserve Bank in 1934.

Manuel Prado, a conservative patriarch of a wealthy and powerful family, reached the Presidency of Peru with the help of the left-wing Alianza Popular Revolucionaria Americana party. (APRA)

In 18 October 1944, during Prado's first presidency (1939–1945 ), signing a mandatory resolution as result of a request placed by Juan Manuel Carrera del Corral to celebrate Coastal Music among the Peruvian Music. It was Mr Carrera dream to have a day to celebrate “Musica Criolla” as he himself loved the music and felt it deserved a special place.

He was born in #Lima and was passionate of the bullfights, cock fights and over all he was a devote of “The Lord of Miracles” and he took part of a group that carried the image. 

He worked at “El Comercio” Newspaper and due his love to Musica Criolla became president of Musical Center “Carlos A Saco” which at this time was the first center dedicated to music. He was close friend to some important Musica Criolla composers such as Angel Monteverde, Victor Echegaray, Pancho Estrada, Carlos Bahamonde, Alejandro Ascoy among many others.

It is said that on 31 October 1944, The Lord of Miracles,#Lima  Patron Saint danced on the shoulders of his devotes and among them Mr Juan Manuel Carrera del Corral enjoyed when his dream became true.

At 06.00 am, on October 31st, 1944 the Peruvian flag was raised up in each musical center of #Lima  & Callao.    


At 11.00 am a mass took place at El Carmen Church, Barrios Altos to pay tribute to composers, popular singers that were present in the world and to the ones that passed by.  

At 13.00 pm there was a pilgrimage to  General Cementery to put offerings in the graves of the forefathers of Cancion Criolla.

From15.00 pm to 17.00 pm auditions took place in #Lima Jails


At 19.30 pm the first celebration of “Dia de la Cancion Criolla” took place at Musical Center “Carlos A Saco”, in Barrios Altos. President Manuel Prado Ugarteche went to the celebration and after the National Anthem of #Peru was played several well know singers and composers performed.

From 21.00 pm to 23.00 pm several auditions took place in #Lima & Calllao.

In the following years it was usual to see Mr Juan Manuel Carrera del Corral being part and/or organizing the celebrations

Now, it is a mixture of both beliefs, and maybe more Criollo

At the end the idea is to enjoy and taste good food and see a great Peruvian Music show.

For further informaton Contact us

Carmen Maria Guevara Protzel

Topics: Peru, Local Traditions and Culture, culture, local culture

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