In the Nazca Desert in southern Peru, a series of very large ancient geoglyphs called the Nazca lines can be found. Some scientists believe that the majority of lines were made by the Nazca people around Nazca lines which have been a subject of mystery for over 90 years.
There are about 900 geoglyphs in geometric forms that include straight lines, spirals, triangles, circles, and trapezoids. The biggest of the figures measures an impressive 370 meters long. They are so enormous in size that the longest straight line goes on for nine miles across the plain. All these lines are etched on such a grand scale that they can only be appreciated from the sky. The figures can be categorized into two types - biomorphs and geoglyphs. There are about 70 biomorphs of animals and plant figures grouped together in once plain which includes a pelican that is a 1,000 feet long.
The Nazca lines are an assortment of perfectly straight lines. Many of them run parallel while others intersect. Others form a deliberate geometric pattern such as a monkey, a hummingbird, and a spider. Strange symbols can be found within the trapezoidal zones. It is believed that these drawings on the ground were made by removing rocks and earth to create a “negative” image. And because there’s rarely any rain or wind in the desert, the designs have not eroded and have remained intact for the past 500 to 2000 years.
They were first discovered in 1927 by Peruvian archaeologist, Toribio Mejia Xesspe, who spotted them while hiking through the surrounding foothills. However, it wouldn't be until the 1930s when an aircraft flying overhead that it would be realized that the lines formed symbols. Erich von Daniken, a Swiss writer, suggested that the Nazca lines had been built so that ancient visitors from space knew where to land their ships!
There have been a number of theories as to how these lines were built and why. The lines are believed to have been created for either religious ceremonies or human sacrifices. Paul Kosok, an American explorer, made his first visit to Nazca in the 1940s. He suggested that the plain acted as a giant observatory making the lines significant in terms of astronomy. He called them "the largest astronomy book in the world."
And it seems to many experts that it would have been impossible to make the lines and figures without something or someone with an aerial point of view to give direction down below. What a curious thought considering that planes or even hot air balloons did not exist in that era.
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