Tarma is a city located in the heart of Tarma Province in the mountain ranges of the Andes. Situated 232 kilometers east of Lima, Tarma is the point of nexus between the Central Forest (provinces of Satipo and Chanchamayo), the Andean provinces of Junin, and the central coast (departments of Ica and Lima). Many civilizations, from the pre-Inca people to the Incas, have lived within this fertile valley.
Located in the Central Andes of Peru, Lake Junin lies at more than 4,000m above sea level and is a part of the National Reserve of Junin. Thanks to its rich flora and fauna as well as scenic beauty, it was declared a protected area in 1974, recognized as a Ramsar site (1997), and an IBA (Important Bird Area) in 2008. Lake Junin is a habitat to important species of endemic, threatened, and migratory birds, including the Junin Rail (Laterallus tuerosi), Junin grebe (Podiceps taczanowskii), Peregrine Falcon (Falco peregrinus), American Golden Plover (Pluvialis Dominica), and Blue-winged Teal (Anas discors).
Junin National Park is recognized for the services and resources it provides to the country, region, and local community. As Peru’s second largest lake, it is responsible for half of the electricity generation in the country and provides water for Peru’s largest reservoir. Also known as Lake Chinchaycocha or Lake of the Kings, thousands of animal and bird species have adapted to the icy climate of the puna and live in the lake’s small islands, reed beds, and marshes.
Special programs can be organized upon request.