Chotuna Chornancap is an archeological site located in San Jose in Peru, South America. It is in the Region of Lambayeque, twelve kilometers from the city of Chiclayo; covering an area of 49 acres. It is most notable due to the archaeological research that has taken place. Chotuna Chornancap is a place where the ritual sacrifice of both children and adults was practiced as an ongoing act of worship in the region’s culture.
Chotuna Chornancap is a pyramid with a flat top. It has a ramp which leads to the highest point of the pyramid, and its decoration is quite beautiful containing symbols which are classic to the Lambayeque culture.
Foreigners did two of the most notable archeological investigations. The first, by Hans Heinrich Bruning from 1910 - 1920. Christopher B. Donnan was another to investigate and map the site in later years during 1980 - 1982. It was his discovery of anthropomorphic and zoomorphic bas-relief friezes that spur the recent attention to what is thought to be Huaca Gloria. This wall has received much attention recently among archeologists.
The site consists of a temple, pyramid complex, and burial grounds with the discovery of more than 30 women. With a total of 50 victims so far been discovered, it is anybody’s guess how many there were in reality. The people were thought to have been sacrificed as part of a fertility ritual to ask the god to bless the cultivation of crops.
Funerary Mask kept at Brunning Museum
Legend tells of Naylanmp being the founder of the Lambayeque culture. He is said to have emerged from the waters along with his people and built a temple. There he buried a Jade image of himself, Yampallec, giving a name to the region now known as Lambayeque.
Priestess of Chornancap
Inside the National Archeological Museum, you will find statues of the Priestess of Chornancap. It is both, a symbol of political power as well as of religion. The findings pose an interesting question about women’s access to power at the time. The Priestess’ Tomb was found alongside eight women, and a man who is thought to have been an executioner because of the knives with which he was buried. These are of particular interest to archeologists. Nearly 30 knives were discovered in his tomb and had high quality. They were thought to have formed part of an elite social class in Lambayeque.
Museum “Museo de Sitio Huaca Chotuna - Chornancap”
The museum conserves the architectural style of the area; the collection is composed of ceramics, metals, and fragments of friezes. They were recovered in the archaeological works carried out since the year 2007 at the Chotuna Chornancap archaeological complex. It also presents recreations on a natural scale of the arrival of Naylamp.