The Antonini Museum, located in Nasca is full of exciting remains that point to how the people of the region lived their lives. It is a must see for anyone traveling through Nasca to better understand the lifestyle, economy, religion, and politics of this ancient culture.
The beautiful archeological museum has six halls where the prizes of various excavations have been carefully preserved. Some of the more identifiable collections are those of Pueblo Viejo and San Jose. Parts of tombs and structures made in adobe and quincha are exhibited, as well as findings from Chahuachi and other valleys of the region. All can be observed in this museum which is run by the Italian University Of Pre-Columbian Archeological Studies and Research. Giuseppe Orefici, the Italian archeologist in charge of the museum, has been working in Nasca since 1980. Thanks to much of the work done by the Italian mission named Proyecto Nasca, this collection is made available to locals and tourists alike.
The first room of the Museum contains a section dedicated to the environment and the description of the main archaeological sites and monuments of the area: Pueblo Viejo, Cahuachi, Estaquería, Paredones, and the aqueducts or filtering galleries for which the people of Nasca are known. Some of the things you can see there are specimens of cultivated plants, recovered during the excavations and a few samples of ceramic vessels belonging to different chronological and cultural eras of the investigated sites. On the walls, you can see panels that illustrate and provide information about the findings.
There are historical charts, maps, aerial photographs and images of the main archaeological sites. There is a comprehensive description of the rock art present in the territory of Nasca and Palpa, with reproductions of the most significant drawings. After that is a section dedicated to the geoglyphs, or Nasca Lines, with a rich variety of images and illustrations supported by descriptive texts.
From here, the museum analyzes different aspects of Nasca society. The archaeological objects that we know of, were associated with others, or with the location they were found. There are many educated guesses concerning details of daily life, the economy and the organization of the people of Nasca.
The three large rooms that follow are dedicated to the sites of San José, Pueblo Viejo, and Cahuachi, containing a vibrant exhibition of ceramics, textiles, bone artifacts, as well as others made of shell, wood, and clay. Basketry works, pyrography, remains of bones and plants, all coming from specific contexts and systematically studied with different methods.
One of the most interesting, and possibly a bit morbid of the attractions are the remains of human heads. These were called head trophies and were an essential part of the culture which included ritual human sacrifice as an offering to the gods they believed in; the Inti or the Sun God. These ceremonies and sacrifices took place in the city of Cahuachi, about 30 kilometers west of the city of Nasca
To include a viist to the museum while visiting Nasca just feel free to